Course of Action: Exercise-1



Directions: In each of the questions below is given a statement followed by two courses of action. Course of action is a step for administrative decision to be taken for improvement, follow-up or further action in regard to the problem, policy etc. On the basis of the information given in the statement, you have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then decide which of the given suggested courses of action is/are logically worth pursuing.


  1. Statement: An increasing number of graduates produced by Indian universities are unemployable.
    Courses of Action:
    (I). Colleges and institutes of higher learning should be given greater autonomy to decide the course content.
    (II). World class foreign universities should be encouraged to set up campuses in India.

    1. If only (I) follows.
    2. If only (II) follows.
    3. If either (I) or (II) follows.
    4. If neither (I) nor (II) follows.
    5. If both (I) and (II) follow.


Answer: (d) If neither (I) nor (II) follows.

Solution: None of the course of action explains the reason of unemployability, so there is no relation between statement and any course of action.

  1. Statement: A major part of the local market in the city was gutted due to a short circuit causing extensive damage to goods and property.
    Courses of Action:
    (I). The government should issue strict guidlines for all establishments regarding installation and maintenance of electrical fittings.
    (II). The government should relocate all the markets to the outskirts of the city.

    1. If only (I) follows.
    2. If only (II) follows.
    3. If either (I) or (II) follows.
    4. If neither (I) nor (II) follows.
    5. If both (I) and (II) follow.


Answer: (a) If only (I) follows.

Solution: The first course of action is following the statement because it can solve the problem given in the statement whereas the second course of action and statement are not relating to each other.

  1. Statement: The railway have decided to repair the main tracks within the city on the following sunday and have decided to suspend operations for the whole day.
    Courses of Action:
    (I). The railway authority should issue public notification well in advance to case inconvenience to the passengers.
    (II).

    1. If only (I) follows.
    2. If only (II) follows.
    3. If either (I) or (II) follows.
    4. If neither (I) nor (II) follows.
    5. If both (I) and (II) follow.


Answer: (e) If both (I) and (II) follow.

Solution: (I) follows because advance public notification will maintain convenience to the passengers. (II) follows because long-distance trains must be terminated outside the city limit.

  1. Statement: Cases of road accidents are increasing constantly, perticularly in the urban areas.
    Courses of Action:
    (I). Transport authorities in the urban areas should impose stringent norms for maintenance of vehicles.
    (II). Traffic police should severely punish those found to be violating traffic rules.

    1. If only (I) follows.
    2. If only (II) follows.
    3. If either (I) or (II) follows.
    4. If neither (I) nor (II) follows.
    5. If both (I) and (II) follow.


Answer: (b) If only (II) follows.

Solution: (I) does not follows because maintenance of vehicles will not going to decrease accidents and it will increase the pollution also. (II) follows because, if the traffic police will punish those found to be violating traffic rules, then it will definitely decrease the accidents..

  1. Statement: The dolphin population in India has been decreasing sharply over the past few years.
    Courses of Action:
    (I). Dolphins should be declared an endangered species and bred in aquariums or protected areas.
    (II). Locals should be enlisted to protect dolphins.

    1. If only (I) follows.
    2. If only (II) follows.
    3. If either (I) or (II) follows.
    4. If neither (I) nor (II) follows.
    5. If both (I) and (II) follow.


Answer: (e) If both (I) and (II) follow.

Solution: Both courses of action are protecting dolphins and definitely, the population of dolphins will increase.




Course of Action

Exercise-1

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