Statement and Conclusions: Exercise-1



Directions: In each of the questions given below, there is a statement followed by two conclusions numbered I and II. You have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then consider the two conclusions together and decide which of them logically follows beyond a reasonable doubt from the information given in the statement.


  1. Statement: In deserts, Camels are indispensable for people to travel from one place to another.
    Conclusions:
    (I). Camels are the only cheapest mode of transport available in deserts.
    (II). There are plenty of camels in deserts.

    1. If only Conclusion (I) follows.
    2. If only Conclusion (II) follows.
    3. If either Conclusion (I) or (II) follows.
    4. If neither Conclusion (I) nor (II) follows.
    5. If both the Conclusions (I) and (II) follow.


Answer: (d) If neither Conclusion (I) nor (II) follows.

Solution: There is no relation between statement and conclusions because the statement does not state whether they are cheap transport available in deserts and availability of camels in deserts.

  1. Statement: A room with flowers looks beautiful.
    Conclusions:
    (I). Flowers are grown for decoration of rooms.
    (II). Room without flowers looks ugly.

    1. If only Conclusion (I) follows.
    2. If only Conclusion (II) follows.
    3. If either Conclusion (I) or (II) follows.
    4. If neither Conclusion (I) nor (II) follows.
    5. If both the Conclusions (I) and (II) follow.


Answer: (d) If neither Conclusion (I) nor (II) follows.

Solution: Flowers are not grown for the decoration of rooms only, other decorative items are available for the decoration of rooms.

  1. Statement: Songs always have singers to sing them.
    Conclusions:
    (I). Singers make a song.
    (II). There is no unsung song.

    1. If only Conclusion (I) follows.
    2. If only Conclusion (II) follows.
    3. If either Conclusion (I) or (II) follows.
    4. If neither Conclusion (I) nor (II) follows.
    5. If both the Conclusions (I) and (II) follow.


Answer: (a) If only Conclusion (I) follows.

Solution: It can not be said that there is no unsung song, so conclusion II not follows.

  1. Statement: India's economy is depending mainly on forests.
    Conclusions:
    (I). Trees should be preserved to improve indian economy.
    (II). India wants only maintenance of forests to improve economic conditions.

    1. If only Conclusion (I) follows.
    2. If only Conclusion (II) follows.
    3. If either Conclusion (I) or (II) follows.
    4. If neither Conclusion (I) nor (II) follows.
    5. If both the Conclusions (I) and (II) follow.


Answer: (a) If only Conclusion (I) follows.

Solution: Because the Indian economy depends on forests, so preserving trees will improve the Indian economy, and the only maintenance of forests will not improve the economic conditions.

  1. Statement: Power consumption in every family has been doubled during the last five years.
    Conclusions:
    (I). There is lot of development in the society.
    (II). Power rates have become cheaper.

    1. If only Conclusion (I) follows.
    2. If only Conclusion (II) follows.
    3. If either Conclusion (I) or (II) follows.
    4. If neither Conclusion (I) nor (II) follows.
    5. If both the Conclusions (I) and (II) follow.


Answer: (d) If neither Conclusion (I) nor (II) follows.

Solution: Both the conclusions are not following the statement.




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