|Established||June 15, 2001|
|Secretary General||Vladimir Norov (Uzbekistan)|
The SCO (Shanghai Cooperation Organisation) is a permanent intergovernmental international organisation.
Initially, SCO was known as Shanghai Five Group, founded on April 1996 with the five member states China, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Russia, and Tajikistan. Latter, SCO was established on June 15, 2001, in Shanghai, China with the six member countries including Shanghai Five members and Uzbekistan. In June 2017, India and Pakistan Joined SCO as the full members at the SCO summit in Astana, Kazakhstan.
Currently, SCO comprises eight Permanent member countries, Four observer states, and six dialogue partners.
The main objectives of SCO are to cooperate in the field of Education, Science, Technology, Culture, Tourism, Sports, Media, Healthcare, Climate Change, Security, and Economy. Apart from this strengthening mutual trust and neighbourliness among the member states, making joint efforts to maintain and ensure peace, security and stability in the region.
The SCO secretariat based in Beijing, China and the Executive Committee of the Regional Anti-Terrorist Structure (RATS) based in Tashkent, Uzbekistan.
India became the full member of this forum in June 2017.