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The United Nations


Overview:


Established24 October 1945.
Membership193 Members
HeadquarterManhattan, New York City
Secretary GeneralAntónio Guterres (Portugal)

The United Nations is an international intergovernmental organisation founded in 1945.


Establishment of the Forum:


The UN charter was signed on 26 June 1945 after the world war 2 by the representatives of the 50 countries, and Poland which was not present at that time signed the charter later and became one of the 51 founding members of the United Nations. The United Nations officially came into existence on 24 October 1945.


Members of the United Nations:


Currently, 193 countries are members of the United Nations.

Only two countries The Holi See and the State of Palestine are the non-member observer states.


The Objectives of the UN:


The main objective of the UN is to maintain international peace and security. Apart from this, the UN is working in different fields to improve the world.


Headquarter:


The headquarter of the United Nations is situated in Manhattan, New York City, and the headquarter of the United Nations is considered as international territory, where local laws are not applicable. Other offices of the United Nations are situated in Geneva (Switzerland), Nairobi (Kenya), and Vienna (Austria).


The UN logo and Flag:


The UN logo was designed by a team of designers in 1945. The design team was led by Oliver Lincoln Lundquist, and the UN logo was approved on December 7, 1946.


Main Organs of the UN:


The General Assembly: The general assembly Composed of all UN member states. It Adopts the budget. It Elects the non-permanent members of the UNSC and the fifteen judges of the International Court of Justice (ICJ). Each member country has one vote in the general assembly.

The Security Council: It is responsible for the maintenance of international peace and security. It has fifteen members, five permanent members with veto power and ten Non-permanent members without veto power.

The Economic and Social Council: It is responsible for promoting international economic and social co-operation and development.

The Trusteeship Council: It was originally designed to manage colonial possessions. It has been inactive since 1994, when Palau, the last trust territory, attained independence.

The International Court of Justice: It decides disputes between countries that recognize its jurisdiction. Its fifteen judges are elected by the UN General Assembly for nine-year terms.

The United Nations Secretariat: It Supports the other UN bodies administratively. The UN's foremost representative is called the UN Secretary-General, who is elected by the General Assembly for a five-year mandate.


Funding of the UN:


The UN is funded by the member states according to the capacity of the country.


India and The United Nations:


India is a one of the founding member of the United Nations.




International Organisations

The United Nations

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